VDL Groep and Schaeffler  team up on self-driving shuttles
Impression of the autonomous driving shuttle vehicle that VDL Groep and Schaeffler plan to develop and produce together.

VDL Groep and Schaeffler team up on self-driving shuttles

31 August 2023

Schaeffler and VDL Groep are jointly exploring the development and production of a new generation of self-driving electric shuttles for public transport. The two family-owned companies will be showing a first demonstrator of the vehicle at IAA Mobility in Munich. The prototype, which integrates Mobileye autonomous driving technology, and all relevant automotive electrification and steering technology can be experienced until Friday 8 September, 2023, at the booth of VDL Groep (hall B3, booth B21) as well at the booth of Schaeffler (hall B3, booth B40).

The initiators intend to bring together their technological competencies and expertise in systems engineering, development, production and public transport. For this progressive and innovative mobility concept, the two partners will cooperate with Mobileye who will provide the shuttle vehicles with autonomous driving systems. VDL and Schaeffler are currently in advanced negotiations with public transport authorities and operators about pilot projects. According to the roadmap, testing for the vehicles on the streets will be possible most likely starting in 2025.

Around the globe, the concept of mobility is currently being reinvented. Many metropolitan areas are supplementing their mobility offering to alternative transport concepts to provide a mobility that is sustainable and easily accessible. Public transport operators are increasingly exploring autonomous driving solutions, allowing for increasing traffic volumes even considering a shortage of drivers. Especially in off-peak hours, larger vehicles would progressively be replaced by smaller, self-driving vehicles based on on-demand services that are a perfect solution for making public transport locally emissions-free and low-noise. The self-driving shuttles can be ordered by consumers via an app, and are set to change public transport over the next several years. Demand for self-driving shuttle services is expected to take off in the coming years, especially in many major cities in Europe, North America and parts of Asia by the end of this century. The envisaged strategic cooperation between Schaeffler and VDL underlines the importance of getting involved in these developments at an early stage. Together, both companies aim to accelerate the development of shuttle vehicles that can be manufactured on a commercial scale.

‘Pioneer and innovate’

President & CEO Willem van der Leegte of VDL Groep: “Autonomous shuttle vehicles are going to play an important role in our future mobility needs. This vehicle concept fits seamlessly into our broad mobility solution covering design, electrification, connectivity, autonomy and services. Of course, this planned cooperation is also a fantastic opportunity to pioneer and innovate with our esteemed partners Schaeffler, Mobileye and others.” 

Klaus Rosenfeld, CEO at Schaeffler AG: “Self-driving shuttle vehicles will become integral elements of modern mobility ecosystems. They will bring people safely, quickly, and easily from A to B and increase accessibility to mobility for everyone living in cities and rural areas. We at Schaeffler want to support this development with best-in class systems engineering as well as innovative automotive technology in a sustainable manner. This goal is best realized with strong partners. We are more than happy to team up with VDL Groep and Mobileye.”

Level 4: self-driving without driver

VDL Groep leads the way as an innovator in areas such as bus and car manufacturing and is the European frontrunner in the electrification of heavy duty vehicles. Schaeffler is a worldwide leading automotive supplier of systems and components for electrified powertrains as well as innovative steering systems. The company has introduced a so-called ‘rolling chassis’, which combines a fully electric powertrain, steer-by-wire system and battery in a modular solution. The Mobileye Drive platform designed for the shuttle vehicles enable autonomous driving using purpose-built EyeQ processors, redundant sensor systems of surround cameras and (combined) radar/lidar sensing, as well as mapping solutions.

Johann Jungwirth, Senior Vice President Autonomous Vehicles at Mobileye: “The full potential of autonomous mobility to transform our communities for the better can only be reached if the technologies are safe, accessible and scalable. Working with Schaeffler and VDL Groep, we have the right strategy and teams to make mobility-as-a-service a reality in the very near future.”

Germany is planned to be the first country where the newly developed and manufactured shuttles will operate, benefiting from the fact of being the first country in Europe which approved SAE level 4 for use on public roads.

Industrialisation: production volume depends on achievable sales

Schaeffler and VDL intend to develop and build the shuttles for public transport operators who will be operating the vehicles within a comprehensive ecosystem. The companies have already started negotiations with operators to acquire pilot projects with the intention to prove the concept and to set up a scalable ecosystem with open interfaces. The target production volumes will depend on achievable sales, but they are projected to produce some thousands of vehicles per year starting in 2030. Production is planned to take place at VDL's Mobility Innovation Centre in Born (Netherlands).

Schaeffler & VDL autonomous shuttle specifications:

  • 9 seats: 6 fixed and 3 flexible.
  • Payload will be around 1,000 kg.
  • Dimensions: 5 metres long, 2.2 metres wide, 2.8 metres high, weight of max. 5,000 kg.
  • Indoor monitoring system in direct contact with the control room.
  • Two deeply integrated independent sensing systems: one camera-based and one radar-/lidar-based.
  • Large doors and low entry step.
  • Wheelchair accessible.
  • Maximum speed: 70 km/hour.
  • Range: over 350 km per day, and over 100 km on 1 battery charge.

Press conference at IAA Mobility on Monday 4 September

Schaeffler and VDL Groep will hold a press conference about this planned cooperation at IAA Mobility in Munich (hall B3, booth B40) on Monday 4 September at 11.00 CEST. This press conference can also be followed digitally, via this link: Webcast (

About Schaeffler Group

We pioneer motion. The Schaeffler Group has been driving forward groundbreaking inventions and developments in the field of motion technology for over 75 years. With innovative technologies, products, and services for electric mobility, CO₂-efficient drives, chassis solutions, Industry 4.0, digitalization, and renewable energies, the company is a reliable partner for making motion more efficient, intelligent, and sustainable – over the entire life cycle. The motion technology company manufactures high-precision components and systems for drive train and chassis applications as well as rolling and plain bearing solutions for a large number of industrial applications. The Schaeffler Group generated sales of EUR 15.8 billion in 2022. With around 84,000 employees, the Schaeffler Group is one of the world’s largest family-owned companies. With more than 1,250 patent applications in 2022, Schaeffler is Germany’s fourth most innovative company according to the DPMA (German Patent and Trademark Office).

About VDL Groep

Strength through cooperation. This is the cornerstone of VDL Groep, the international industrial family business with its headquarters in Brainport Eindhoven. Founded in 1953, now 70 years ago, the company has been run by the third generation of the Van der Leegte family since 2017. The VDL Groep employs over 16,000 employees and operates in 19 countries. The group encompasses more than 100 closely cooperating operating companies, each with its own specialism. The activities of these companies can be summarised in the ‘five worlds of VDL’: Hightech, Mobility, Energy, Infratech and Foodtech. The combined annual turnover stood at 5.752 billion euros in 2022.